Delirium Bibliography

The searchable delirium bibliography page is one of our most popular features, allowing you to quickly gain access to the literature on delirium and acute care of older persons.  The HELP team keeps it updated for you on a monthly basis!  Feel free to search by author, title, keywords. It is primarily intended for clinicians and researchers interested in exploring these topics.

Each article is indexed by keywords taken from MEDLINE and other relevant databases.

You may base your search on as many search terms as you like. A search term can be a keyword, an author's name, all or part of an article's title, or any word or phrase that you might expect to find in an article's abstract. You may then indicate whether you would like to limit the search to one or more options.

The results are prioritized so that entries including all search terms will be listed first, but you can indicate whether to then sort by title (the default), by author, by journal name or by publication year.

You may further restrict to a topic category. Note: If you do not enter any search terms, the results will include all of the entries for the selected topic category.

More information about each entry on this page is available by moving the mouse over the green information symbols.

Please note that Pub Med Central (PMC) full text links are provided wherever available.  However, due to copyright restrictions, only abstracts can be provided for articles not available in PMC.

Total Results: 2941

  • Assessing delirium in cancer patients: the Italian versions of the Delirium Rating Scale and the Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale. 2001 Grassi L, Caraceni A, Beltrami E, Borreani C, Zamorani M, Maltoni M, Monti M, Luzzani M, Mercadante S, De Conno F. Journal of pain and symptom management, 21:1 (59-68)
    • Title

      Assessing delirium in cancer patients: the Italian versions of the Delirium Rating Scale and the Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale.

    • Authors
      Grassi L, Caraceni A, Beltrami E, Borreani C, Zamorani M, Maltoni M, Monti M, Luzzani M, Mercadante S, De Conno F
    • Year
      2001
    • Journal
      Journal of pain and symptom management
    • URL
    • Abstract
      To validate the Italian versions of the Delirium Rating Scale (DRS) and the Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS), 105 cancer patients consecutively referred for neurological or psychiatric consultation for mental status change were evaluated using the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM), the DRS, the MDAS, and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). According to the CAM criteria and clinical examination, 66 patients were delirious, and 39 received diagnoses other than delirium. The DRS and the MDAS scores significantly distinguished delirious from non-delirious patients. The MDAS and the DRS were mutually correlated. When using the proposed cut-off scores for the two scales, the MDAS had higher specificity (94%) but lower sensitivity (68%) than the DRS (sensitivity = 95%, specificity = 61% for DRS cut-off 10; sensitivity = 80%, specificity = 76%, DRS cut-off 12). The MMSE showed high sensitivity (96%) and very low specificity (38%). Exploratory factor analysis of the DRS and the MDAS suggested a three-factor and two-factor structure, respectively. Both instruments in their Italian version proved to be useful for the assessment of delirium among cancer patients. Further research is needed to examine the use of the DRS and the MDAS in other clinical contexts.
    • PubMed ID
  • Delirium: a barometer for quality of hospital care. 2001 Inouye SK. Hospital practice (1995), 36:2 (15-6, 18)
  • Nurses' recognition of delirium and its symptoms: comparison of nurse and researcher ratings. 2001 Inouye SK, Foreman MD, Mion LC, Katz KH, Cooney LM. Archives of internal medicine, 161:20 (2467-73)
    • Title

      Nurses' recognition of delirium and its symptoms: comparison of nurse and researcher ratings.

    • Authors
      Inouye SK, Foreman MD, Mion LC, Katz KH, Cooney LM
    • Year
      2001
    • Journal
      Archives of internal medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Nurses play a key role in recognition of delirium, yet delirium is often unrecognized by nurses. Our goals were to compare nurse ratings for delirium using the Confusion Assessment Method based on routine clinical observations with researcher ratings based on cognitive testing and to identify factors associated with underrecognition by nurses.
    • PubMed ID
  • Delirium after hip fracture: to be or not to be? 2001 Inouye SK. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49:5 (678-9)
  • Multicomponent targeted intervention to prevent delirium in hospitalized older patients: what is the economic value? 2001 Rizzo JA, Bogardus ST, Leo-Summers L, Williams CS, Acampora D, Inouye SK. Medical care, 39:7 (740-52)
    • Title

      Multicomponent targeted intervention to prevent delirium in hospitalized older patients: what is the economic value?

    • Authors
      Rizzo JA, Bogardus ST, Leo-Summers L, Williams CS, Acampora D, Inouye SK
    • Year
      2001
    • Journal
      Medical care
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Delirium, or acute confusional state, is a common and serious occurrence among hospitalized older persons. Current estimates suggest that delirium complicates hospital stays for more than 2.3 million older persons each year, involving more than 17.5 million hospital days and accounting for more than $4 billion (1994 dollars) of Medicare expenditures. A 40% reduction was recently reported in the risk for delirium among hospitalized older persons receiving a multicomponent targeted risk factor intervention (MTI) strategy to prevent delirium, compared with subjects receiving usual hospital care.1 Before recommending that this preventive strategy be implemented in clinical practice, however, the cost implications must be thoroughly examined as well.
    • PubMed ID
  • Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist: evaluation of a new screening tool. 2001 Bergeron N, Dubois MJ, Dumont M, Dial S, Skrobik Y. Intensive care medicine, 27:5 (859-64)
    • Title

      Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist: evaluation of a new screening tool.

    • Authors
      Bergeron N, Dubois MJ, Dumont M, Dial S, Skrobik Y
    • Year
      2001
    • Journal
      Intensive care medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Delirium in the intensive care unit is poorly defined. Clinical evaluation is difficult in the setting of unstable, often intubated patients. A screening tool may improve the detection of delirium.
    • PubMed ID
  • Immunology of delirium: new opportunities for treatment and research. 2001 Broadhurst C, Wilson K. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, (288-9)
    • Title

      Immunology of delirium: new opportunities for treatment and research.

    • Authors
      Broadhurst C, Wilson K
    • Year
      2001
    • Journal
      The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
    • URL
    • Abstract
    • PubMed ID
  • Delirium in the terminally-ill cancer patient: aetiology, symptoms and management. 2001 Brown S, Degner LF. International journal of palliative nursing, 7:6 (266-8, 270-2)
    • Title

      Delirium in the terminally-ill cancer patient: aetiology, symptoms and management.

    • Authors
      Brown S, Degner LF
    • Year
      2001
    • Journal
      International journal of palliative nursing
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Delirium is a frequent and serious clinical problem in the terminally ill cancer patient. Multiple dimensions of delirium make definition, measurement, and assessment of it challenging in clinical nursing practice. Assessment and management of delirium requires knowledge of the diagnostic criteria for it, aetiology, signs and symptoms, and nursing interventions. Four delirium assessment scales determined to be useful in assessing patients with terminal illness are reviewed. The use of a delirium assessment instrument in routine nursing assessments would be important for the nurse's early detection of delirium so that interventions to reverse the causes of delirium could immediately be implemented.
    • PubMed ID
  • Diagnosis and management of delirium near the end of life. 2001 Casarett DJ, Inouye SK, . Annals of internal medicine, 135:1 (32-40)
    • Title

      Diagnosis and management of delirium near the end of life.

    • Authors
      Casarett DJ, Inouye SK,
    • Year
      2001
    • Journal
      Annals of internal medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Delirium is a common and distressing symptom that constitutes a significant challenge for end-of-life care. However, reliable techniques are available for the diagnosis of delirium, and effective therapies exist as well. This consensus paper uses a case-based format that begins with an overview of the definition and presentation of delirium. Next, strategies for diagnosis are suggested, with attention to the unique challenges that clinicians face in pursuing a diagnostic work-up for patients near the end of life. The paper concludes with a review of therapeutic options.
    • PubMed ID
  • Hypocortisolemia and delirium in an older patient. 2001 Cunha UG, Faria AC, de F Alves VX, Rigueirinho SA. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49:5 (688-9)
Page 274 of 295 pages   ‹ First  < 272 273 274 275 276 >  Last ›