Delirium Bibliography

The searchable delirium bibliography page is one of our most popular features, allowing you to quickly gain access to the literature on delirium and acute care of older persons.  The HELP team keeps it updated for you on a monthly basis!  Feel free to search by author, title, keywords. It is primarily intended for clinicians and researchers interested in exploring these topics.

Each article is indexed by keywords taken from MEDLINE and other relevant databases.

You may base your search on as many search terms as you like. A search term can be a keyword, an author's name, all or part of an article's title, or any word or phrase that you might expect to find in an article's abstract. You may then indicate whether you would like to limit the search to one or more options.

The results are prioritized so that entries including all search terms will be listed first, but you can indicate whether to then sort by title (the default), by author, by journal name or by publication year.

You may further restrict to a topic category. Note: If you do not enter any search terms, the results will include all of the entries for the selected topic category.

More information about each entry on this page is available by moving the mouse over the green information symbols.

Please note that Pub Med Central (PMC) full text links are provided wherever available.  However, due to copyright restrictions, only abstracts can be provided for articles not available in PMC.

Total Results: 3010

  • Serious falls in hospitalized patients: correlates and resource utilization. 1995 Bates DW, Pruess K, Souney P, Platt R. The American journal of medicine, 99:2 (137-43)
    • Title

      Serious falls in hospitalized patients: correlates and resource utilization.

    • Authors
      Bates DW, Pruess K, Souney P, Platt R
    • Year
      1995
    • Journal
      The American journal of medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      To evaluate the correlates of serious falls in hospitalized patients and the resource utilization associated with such falls.
    • PubMed ID
  • Misdiagnosing delirium as depression in medically ill elderly patients. 1995 Farrell KR, Ganzini L. Archives of internal medicine, 155:22 (2459-64)
    • Title

      Misdiagnosing delirium as depression in medically ill elderly patients.

    • Authors
      Farrell KR, Ganzini L
    • Year
      1995
    • Journal
      Archives of internal medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Delirium, a common and often overlooked syndrome in acutely ill elderly patients, may present with signs and symptoms of depression.
    • PubMed ID
  • Delirium and other cognitive impairment in older adults in an emergency department. 1995 Naughton BJ, Moran MB, Kadah H, Heman-Ackah Y, Longano J. Annals of emergency medicine, 25:6 (751-5)
    • Title

      Delirium and other cognitive impairment in older adults in an emergency department.

    • Authors
      Naughton BJ, Moran MB, Kadah H, Heman-Ackah Y, Longano J
    • Year
      1995
    • Journal
      Annals of emergency medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      To determine the prevalence of delirium and other alterations in mental status in older adults in the emergency department setting.
    • PubMed ID
  • A simple model for predicting postoperative delirium in older patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery. 1995 Fisher BW, Flowerdew G. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 43:2 (175-8)
    • Title

      A simple model for predicting postoperative delirium in older patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery.

    • Authors
      Fisher BW, Flowerdew G
    • Year
      1995
    • Journal
      Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
    • URL
    • Abstract
      To determine the incidence, and severity of postoperative delirium (POD) in older patients undergoing elective orthopedic procedures and to identify potential preoperative risk factors.
    • PubMed ID
  • Unrecognized delirium in ED geriatric patients. 1995 Lewis LM, Miller DK, Morley JE, Nork MJ, Lasater LC. The American journal of emergency medicine, 13:2 (142-5)
    • Title

      Unrecognized delirium in ED geriatric patients.

    • Authors
      Lewis LM, Miller DK, Morley JE, Nork MJ, Lasater LC
    • Year
      1995
    • Journal
      The American journal of emergency medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      To determine the sensitivity of an emergency physician's conventional evaluation compared with the validated Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) regarding the recognition of acute confusional states (delirium) in elderly Emergency Department (ED) patients, a cohort of 385 patients presenting to an urban teaching hospital ED was systematically assembled. Patients had to be conscious, able to speak and older than 64 years of age. After the ED physician had examined the patient and test results had been obtained, a series of geriatric assessment results, including one for the likely presence of delirium, was made available to the ED physician; however, no result was specifically highlighted. All patients were assessed by an attending ED physician in the customary fashion. In addition, a study nurse interviewed patients using the CAM and followed patient outcomes for three months. The ED record for all patients with delirium or "probable" delirium, as determined by the CAM, were reviewed for physician diagnosis and disposition to determine how often delirium had been recognized by the emergency physician. Thirty-eight of the 385 patients screened (10%) met criteria for delirium or "probable" delirium; ED charts were complete for 35 of these, which constituted the study sample. The ED diagnosis included delirium or an acceptable synonym in 6 (17%) of these patients. In the 21 patients (62%) admitted to the hospital, the most common ED diagnosis was infection "rule out sepsis" (n = 7). Six of 13 patients discharged (46%) were diagnosed as "status post fall" without evidence of significant injury.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    • PubMed ID
  • Delirium: a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for clinicians caring for the elderly. 1994 Levkoff SE, Marcantonio ER. Comprehensive therapy, 20:10 (550-7)
    • Title

      Delirium: a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for clinicians caring for the elderly.

    • Authors
      Levkoff SE, Marcantonio ER
    • Year
      1994
    • Journal
      Comprehensive therapy
    • URL
    • Abstract
    • PubMed ID
  • The dilemma of delirium: clinical and research controversies regarding diagnosis and evaluation of delirium in hospitalized elderly medical patients. 1994 Inouye SK. The American journal of medicine, 97:3 (278-88)
    • Title

      The dilemma of delirium: clinical and research controversies regarding diagnosis and evaluation of delirium in hospitalized elderly medical patients.

    • Authors
      Inouye SK
    • Year
      1994
    • Journal
      The American journal of medicine
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Delirium, with occurrence rates from 14% to 56%, associated mortality rates from 10% to 65%, and excess annual health care expenditures from $1 to $2 billion, poses a common and serious problem for hospitalized elderly patients. Delirium is often unrecognized or misdiagnosed by physicians caring for elderly patients. Cognitive testing is rarely done as part of the admission evaluation of elderly hospitalized patients. Specific diagnosis has been difficult, since diagnostic criteria and instruments are still being developed. The etiology of delirium is complex and multifactorial, and both predisposing (host vulnerability) and precipitating factors must be considered. The recommended approach to the evaluation of delirium is empiric, in the absence of objective efficacy data. The cornerstone of evaluation includes a careful history, physical examination, and review of the medication list--since medications are the most common reversible cause of delirium. Research is needed to establish a cost-effective approach and to clarify the role of further testing, such as cerebrospinal fluid examination, brain imaging, and electroencephalography. This article is intended to heighten the awareness of clinicians as well as to stimulate research to address this important, neglected problem for elderly hospitalized patients.
    • PubMed ID
  • A clinical prediction rule for delirium after elective noncardiac surgery. 1994 Marcantonio ER, Goldman L, Mangione CM, Ludwig LE, Muraca B, Haslauer CM, Donaldson MC, Whittemore AD, Sugarbaker DJ, Poss R. JAMA, 271:2 (134-9)
    • Title

      A clinical prediction rule for delirium after elective noncardiac surgery.

    • Authors
      Marcantonio ER, Goldman L, Mangione CM, Ludwig LE, Muraca B, Haslauer CM, Donaldson MC, Whittemore AD, Sugarbaker DJ, Poss R
    • Year
      1994
    • Journal
      JAMA
    • URL
    • Abstract
      To develop and validate a clinical prediction rule for postoperative delirium using data available to clinicians preoperatively.
    • PubMed ID
  • Systematic intervention for elderly inpatients with delirium: a randomized trial. 1994 Cole MG, Primeau FJ, Bailey RF, Bonnycastle MJ, Masciarelli F, Engelsmann F, Pepin MJ, Ducic D. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 151:7 (965-70)
    • Title

      Systematic intervention for elderly inpatients with delirium: a randomized trial.

    • Authors
      Cole MG, Primeau FJ, Bailey RF, Bonnycastle MJ, Masciarelli F, Engelsmann F, Pepin MJ, Ducic D
    • Year
      1994
    • Journal
      CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
    • URL
    • Abstract
      To assess a systematic intervention in cases of delirium in elderly inpatients.
    • PubMed ID
  • Acute confusion: nursing intervention in older patients. 1994 Matthiesen V, Sivertsen L, Foreman MD, Cronin-Stubbs D. Orthopedic nursing, 13:2 (21-7, 29; quiz 28-9)
    • Title

      Acute confusion: nursing intervention in older patients.

    • Authors
      Matthiesen V, Sivertsen L, Foreman MD, Cronin-Stubbs D
    • Year
      1994
    • Journal
      Orthopedic nursing
    • URL
    • Abstract
      Older patients are at high risk for developing acute confusion while hospitalized with an associated increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Causes for acute confusion include physiologic, psychosocial, and environmental alterations. Often not recognized by nurses, acute confusion needs to be differentiated from depression and dementia. Nursing assessment of acute confusion should include baseline data on cognition, behavior, and functional status. Standard, routine, and systematic assessments of cognition, behavior, and functional status need to be ongoing during hospitalization if nurses are to identify and manage acute confusion in hospitalized older patients.
    • PubMed ID
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